Rosshofgasse (Schnitz), Seminarraum S 01
Fachbereich Alte Geschichte, Sabine Huebner
Anthropological research at Viminacium from prehistory to the modern period
The archeological site of Viminacium is located in eastern Serbia on the mouth of the Mlava River in the Danube, about 100 km from Belgrade. The first traces of life on Viminacium have been recorded since the Eneolithic period. Archaeological excavations have also uncovered a large Celtic necropolis whose settlement could have been presumed. The highest level of development took place during the Roman administration of Viminacium from 1st - 4th century. Over 14,000 graves with over 20,000 skeletons were excavated from that period. The Migration Period was confirmed at the Viminacium by the presence of Ostrogoths and Heruli. In the Middle Age, Viminacium was inhabited by various populations, the Slavs and indigenous people. A smaller group of people of the new age was also present on the wider territory of the Viminacium where they found a safe refuge in uncertain times. Thanks to new methodologies such as the analysis of ancient DNA, we obtained results that indicate that the populations were very heterogeneous and specific for each period. Analyzing their health status through the same methodologies showed us the presence of bacteria that were not confirmed by previous analyzes during the Roman period.
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